True Bugs (Insecta: Hemiptera: Heteroptera) of quarantine importance, associated with berries, from Chile

Monday, June 1, 2015: 11:07 AM
McDowell + Tuttle (Manhattan Conference Center)
Eduardo Faśndez , Entomology, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND
David Rider , Entomology, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND
Berries are a very important produce item in the global markets. Many of these fruits are currently widespread and the trade between countries is fairly common. In addition, it is common for insects to be carried with the berries, which represent problems for quarantine facilities that deal with these insects. True bugs are one of the most common insects associated with berries; but there is little information available on these associations.  The present contribution includes a comprehensive analysis (i.e. bibliographic and from recent surveys) of true bugs associated with berries from Chile, including new information, as well as identification tools and quarantine status. Eleven species have been found to be associated with berries in Chile: the coreid Leptoglossus chilensis (associated with strawberries and raspberries), the lygeoids Geocoris sobrinus (strawberries and raspberries) and Lygaeus alboornatus (raspberries), an undescribed species of the cydnid genus Amnestus (raspberries), the pentatomids Acledra dimidiaticollis (blueberries), Chinavia apicicornis (raspberries), Chinavia perezi (raspberries), Nezara viridula (gooseberries, blackberries, blueberries,raspberries, strawberries), and the acanthosomatid bugs Ditomotarsus hyadesi (red currant, gooseberries, Magellan burberries), Phorbanta variabilis (Magellan burberries), and Sinopla perpunctatus (blueberries).  Four of these records are mentioned here for the first time. Occasionally, these species have not been reported as quarantine important (e.g. misidentified or reported as Heteroptera undetermined). Therefore as a summary, a profile of each insect and a pictorial key are provided to improve the assessment of the quarantine status of these Heteropterans.