0320 Entomology faces paradigm shift—Genomics

Wednesday, December 15, 2010: 11:00 AM
California (Town and Country Hotel and Convention Center)
Wayne B. Hunter , Subtropical Insect Research Unit, USDA - ARS, Ft. Pierce, FL
Robert G. Shatters, Jr. , Subtropical Insect Research Unit, USDA - ARS, Ft. Pierce, FL
Recent advances in genomics has created a paradigm shift in how all research will address biological questions. Genomics now permits researchers to gain insights into complex interactions and biological pathways which were previously out of reach, or beyond comprehension. Rapid sequencing and reduced costs now puts genome sequencing within the reach of even modest research programs. Hemipteran pests, such as leafhoppers, aphids, whiteflies, psyllids, etc…, cause the most losses in food and fiber crops worldwide. Using genomic approaches new insights have been gained in the study of these agriculturally important disease vectors. The first Hemipteran genome of the Pea Aphid has been completed, with more to follow. Genomes such as the Asian Citrus Psyllid genome (~500Mb) will only take months and be rapidly released into the public domain. This will soon become the norm as future genome projects are completed in weeks not years. The onslaught of data will accelerate the discovery of new viral pathogens and genetic applications such as RNAi to suppress insect populations. The information generated from genomic efforts is seen as being the foundation of future insect pest management. Furthermore, the ability to actually know what pathogens are inside an insect, plant, livestock, or human will change the way we apply future regulatory procedures in disease management programs. Finally, as genomics changes our world, so too must we change the way we think, so that we may fully understand the implications and applications of genomics so that we may improve the world around us.

doi: 10.1603/ICE.2016.46727

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