D0504 Molecular characterization of different biotypes of the southern chinch bug affecting St. Augustinegrass

Wednesday, December 16, 2009
Hall D, First Floor (Convention Center)
Ambika Chandra , Texas AgriLife Research, Texas A&M System, Dallas, TX
Blake Pond , Texas AgriLife Research, Dallas, TX
James A. Reinert , Texas AgriLife Research Center, Plano, TX
David R Huff , Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA
Jonathan LaMantia , Texas AgriLife Research Center, Dallas, TX
Southern chinch bug (SCB), Blissus insularis, is the most destructive insect pest of St. Augustinegrass [Stenotaphrum secundatum] throughout the southern region of USA. Across this region, ‘Floratam’ St Augustinegrass has been widely planted because of its high level of resistance to SCB (80% to >90% mortality within a 7 day feeding period). Due to the breakdown of the resistance in Floratam in 1985, turfgrass breeders have been searching for a replacement cultivar with resistance to SCB. ‘FX-10’ and ‘Captiva' were developed and released in Florida and are resistant to Florida chinch bugs (>90% mortality within 14 days). Our preliminary studies show that Floratam, FX-10 and Captiva are susceptible to chinch bugs collected from south Texas (< 20% of chinch bugs killed by these cultivar within a 7-day feeding period in the laboratory). SCB from Texas appear to be a new virulent biotype. The objective of the present study is to investigate the genetic diversity among different biotypes of SCB using Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism (AFLP). SCB were collected from St. Augustinegrass growing in four geographically different locations in Texas as well as two locations in Florida. Twenty samples from each populations were screened with five primer pairs. Presence and absence of AFLP markers were detected using a computer program called Genographer 2.1.4, and then confirmed manually. Analysis of Molecular Variance (AMOVA) will be used to statistically analyze genetic diversity within and between populations. This study will be useful to turfgrass breeders developing improved resistance to multiple biotypes of SCB.

doi: 10.1603/ICE.2016.41370