Fecundity and preference of the green peach aphid and the potato aphid (Homoptera: Aphididae) are affected by mixed-potato viral infections
Juan M. Alvarez, email@example.com, University of Idaho, PSES, Aberdeen R & E Center, 1693 W 2700 S, Aberdeen, ID and RajagopalBabu Srinivasan, firstname.lastname@example.org, University of Florida, Entomology and Nematology, PO Box 110620, Gainesville, FL.
Mixed-viral infections of heterologous viruses such as Potato virus Y (PVY) (Potyviridae: Potyvirus) and Potato leafroll virus (PLRV) (Luteoviridae: Polerovirus) are a regular occurrence in Idaho’s potato, Solanum tuberosum (Linnaeus) cropping systems. Laboratory studies were conducted to examine the effect of mixed-viral (PVY-PLRV) infection on the fecundity and preference of two of the most efficient PVY and PLRV vectors, the green peach aphid, Myzus persicae (Sulzer), and the potato aphid, Macrosiphum euphorbiae (Thomas), (Homoptera: Aphididae). Myzus persicae and M. euphorbiae fecundity was significantly higher on mixed-infected plants than on singly-infected plants or non-infected plants. Preference of winged and wingless M. persicae and M. euphorbiae was determined with the use of settling bioassays. Both winged and wingless M. persicae and M. euphorbiae preferentially settled on PVY-PLRV infected plants than on singly-infected plants (PVY or PLRV) or non-infected plants.
Species 1: Hemiptera Aphididae Myzuspersicae (green peach aphid) Species 2: Hemiptera Aphididae Macrosiphumeuphorbiae (potato aphid)