Managing two soybean pests to optimize yield

Monday, June 1, 2015
Big Basin (Manhattan Conference Center)
Eric H. Clifton , Entomology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA
Erin W. Hodgson , Department of Entomology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA
Gregory L. Tylka , Plant Pathology and Microbiology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA
Aaron J. Gassmann , Department of Entomology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA
Soybean cyst nematode (SCN), Heterodera glycines Ichinohe, and soybean aphid (SBA), Aphis glycines Matsumura, are significant pests of soybean and can cause substantial yield losses.  Farmers can now use native, host-plant resistance (HPR) to manage SCN and SBA.  Nematicidal and insecticidal seed treatments can further suppress pest activity.  We studied combinations of host-plant resistance for SBA and SCN with different seed treatments.  The field study was replicated at two different locations in Iowa in 2013 and 2014.  Our goal was to determine how these integrated pest management approaches affect soybean yields and pest abundance.  We found that varieties of soybeans with HPR suppressed populations of SBA and SCN.  However, the use of a nematicidal and insecticidal seed treatment did not always provide additional pest suppression.  In addition, we found that seed treatments did not always provide significant improvements to yield compared to naked seed.