Silicon supplementation: Its effects on chrysanthemum growth and Liriomyza trifolii population

Monday, November 17, 2014: 8:36 AM
F150 (Oregon Convention Center)
Danny Klittich , Dept. of Entomology and Nematology, University of California, Davis, CA
Michael P. Parrella , Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of California, Davis, CA
With increasing regulation of pesticide use and a growing number of independent sustainable agricultural certification services fueled by the general public's desire for less pesticides, alternative pest management strategies are needed. It is well known that nutrient management can influence pest populations. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of silicate (Si) supplementation on chrysanthemum (mum) growth and Liriomyza trifolii population development compared to standard fertilization. Si treated mum plants received 500ppm of Si in the form of liquid potassium silicate with every irrigation. A control for potassium was provided using an equivalent potassium sulfate solution. Liriomyza trifolii were present in the greenhouse throughout the trial. Mum stem caliper was found to be the same across all treatments. Plant height was reduced in Si treated plants by 10%. In Si treated plants there was a mean reduction of 54% in mining.