Detecting and controlling D. suzukii with traps
Trap designs were tested in a wild Himalaya blackberry perimeter. Each trap contained a yeast/sugar solution. Headspace, the trap volume above the bait surface, was a significant factor affecting trap capture. Traps supplemented with a killing agent revealed significantly more D. suzukii than traps without. A mass trapping study is being performed in summer 2014 at two crop locations with paired treated and non-treated plots.
Bait preference trials were conducted on blueberry, wild Himalaya blackberry, cherry, and raspberry crops. Each bait was placed in a 32-oz side mesh clear trap. Chinkiang vinegar and H. uvarum had consistently high D. suzukii counts. Suzukii Trap® had variable results based on environmental factors (e.g. humidity and evaporation). Torula Yeast Pellets had poor efficacy until late-season, and BioLure® and Monterey Insect Bait® showed little to no efficacy. At post-harvest, apple cider vinegar showed increased D. suzukii capture. Other Drosophila spp. were dominant (85-95%) early season, whereas late season captures shifted to 85-95% D. suzukii. Early and mid-harvest yielded higher counts of female D. suzukii, and post-harvest yielded higher counts of males.