Determining pest status of threecornered alfalfa hopper in peanuts

Monday, November 17, 2014: 11:12 AM
E145 (Oregon Convention Center)
Brendan Beyer , Department of Entomology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA
Mark R. Abney , Department of Entomology, University of Georgia, Tifton, GA
Rajagopalbabu Srinivasan , Entomology, University of Georgia, Tifton, GA
Threecornered alfalfa hopper (TCAH), Spissistilus festinus (Say) (Hemiptera: Membracidae), has long been recognized as an economic pest of soybean and alfalfa and more recently in peanut.   Spissistilus festinus feeds by forming girdles, caused by a series of lateral punctures around the stem.  These girdles can result in galls and the eventual pooling of photosynthates and nutrients that the insect feeds upon.  Though S. festinus is currently considered a pest in peanut, no economic thresholds are available for the insect in this crop. The purpose of this study was to generate data needed to establish an economic threshold for TCAH in peanut.  Spissistilus festinus were placed on caged peanut plants in field and greenhouse trials; treatment variables consisted of insect density and plant age. The number of stem girdles and pods was quantified and seed quality was measured in each treatment.
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