Comparing the ability of various plant essential oils to enhance synthetic pyrethroids against Aedes aegypti and Anopheles gambiae

Monday, November 17, 2014: 8:36 AM
B117-119 (Oregon Convention Center)
Edmund Norris , Entomology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA
Aaron Gross , Department of Entomology/Toxicology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA
Lyric Bartholomay , Iowa State University, Ames, IA
Joel Coats , Department of Entomology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA
The burden of mosquito-borne diseases to public health throughout the world cannot be underestimated. Every year, approximately 700,000 people die from complications associated with etiologic disease agents transmitted by mosquitoes. With insecticide-resistant mosquito populations becoming an ever growing concern, the need for new insecticidal formulations is more important than ever. We screened mixtures of various synthetic pyrethroids (permethrin, deltamethrin, B-cyfluthrin, l-cyhalothrin, bifenthrin) with various essential oils in order to enhance the efficacy of these insecticides. We have previously shown that some commercially available essential oils have the ability to enhance the mortality caused by the synthetic pyrethroid, permethrin. Essential oils are composed of plant-derived compounds, some of which have been demonstrated to possess novel modes of action. These compounds could represent new chemistries for use in insecticide formulation that could improve the efficacy of synthetic insecticide against resistant mosquito populations, reduce the overall amount of synthetic insecticides used throughout the world, and demonstrate novel insecticidal mechanisms not explored in insect toxicology.