ESA Annual Meetings Online Program

Unbiased introduction, Topic 2: What is the best individual solution to solving the threat of global climate change?

Tuesday, November 13, 2012: 2:50 PM
Lecture Hall, Floor Two (Knoxville Convention Center)
Akua Konadu Antwi-Agyakwa , CROP Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
Global climate change is a significant and lasting change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns over periods ranging from decades to millions of years.  Climate change results from the emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs).  Over the past two decades, the evidence that GHG is continuing to build-up as a result of human activities has become conclusive.  According to NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies, average temperatures have climbed 1.4 degrees Fahrenheit around the world since 1880.  The rate of warming is ever increasing.  Most climate scientists agree the main cause of the current global warming phenomenon is human expansion of the greenhouse effect (IPPC, 2007).  The effects of Global warming increases global average air and sea temperature, ice melting and rising global sea levels.  Scientists predict worse situations and predicaments in the future.

A number of possible solutions have been suggested to the mitigation of global climate change.  The role of the individual is inevitable.  At homes, the use of ENERGY STAR® certified products, reducing, reusing, and recycling helps conserve energy and reduces greenhouse gas emissions.  Switching to public transportation, carpooling, biking, or telecommuting, can reduce greenhouse gas emissions.  At schools, students need intensive education.  Tree planting is a classic means of climate change mitigation though some ecologists have argued that this is pointless (Alok Jha 2006).  With the ever increasing rise in global temperatures, solution involving efficient roles that individuals can play in the toning down of global climate change is an area of great interest.

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