The Neotropical cicada genus Zammara (Hemiptera: Cicadidae), untangling the taxonomic knot, using DNA, morphology and song
A distinctive character has been found to distinguish Zammara from all other genera in the tribe Zammarini, namely having two tarsal segments versus the usual three. The depositories for all but one of the type specimens was located. These types were either photographed and studied at the respective museum, or borrowed and studied in the lab. All collected and borrowed specimens were compared with the type specimens. Phylogenetic analyses were performed using a 2.2 kb molecular dataset of the mitochondrial genes COI and COII and the nuclear gene EF1α in addition to morphology. Due to limited availability of recordings, song characteristics could not be included in the analyses.
Redescriptions for the present species have been made and two new species are described. The genus Zammaralna comes out as the sister genus to Zammara, and a new genus as sister to the latter two.
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