Susceptibility of southwestern corn borer and sugarcane borer to Cry1Ab toxin in a commercial Bt-corn hybrid
Fangneng Huang, email@example.com, Roger Leonard, firstname.lastname@example.org, and Rhett Gable, email@example.com. Louisiana State University, Department of Entomology, 404 Life Sciences Building, Baton Rouge, LA
Department of Entomology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803
Bt corn cultivars have demonstrated significantly less infection from southwestern corn borer, Diatraea grandiosella Dyar, and sugarcane borer, D. saccharalis (F.), compared to conventional corn cultivars. Larval susceptibility of laboratory and field-collected strains of southwestern corn borer and sugarcane borer to Cry1Ab endotoxin extracted from plants of a YieldGard Bt corn hybrid, DK6970Bt, was determined using a meridic diet incorporating different concentrations of Cry1Ab toxin. High larval mortality was observed when neonates of the two species were individually reared on diets treated with Cry1Ab toxin at > 0.25 mg/kg for 8 days. Larval body weights of both species declined as Cry1Ab concentration increased. The dose-response data will be useful to determine diagnostic doses that can separate resistant and susceptible individuals.
Species 1: Lepidoptera Crambidae Diatraeagrandiosella (southwestern corn borer) Species 2: Lepidoptera Crambidae Diatraeasaccharalis (sugarcane borer) Keywords: transgenic corn, Bacillus thuringiensis