Combination of low pressure and ethyl formate as an alternative to methyl bromide fumigation
Siwei Liu, firstname.lastname@example.org, Thomas W. Phillips, email@example.com, Rajshekhar Hulasare, firstname.lastname@example.org, and Leah S. Bauer, email@example.com. (1) Oklahoma State University, Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, Stillwater, OK, (2) Purdue University, Department of Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, West Lafayette, IN, (3) USDA Forest Service, North Central Research Station, East Lansing, MI
Low-pressure from vacuum (V) and the insecticidal natural product ethyl formate (EF) were investigated in laboratory for controlling three insect species. When eggs of the Indianmeal moth, Plodia interpunctella, were exposed 4 hours to either V of 50 mm or two doses of EF mortalities did not exceed 88.00%. However, a combination of 50 mm Hg V with doses up to 10 gm/m³ EF was synergistic and resulted in complete mortality of all eggs in 4 hours. Probit analysis showed the LD99 at 50 mm Hg V was 8.48 gm/m³ EF for a 4-hr treatment. There were no significantly different between the untreated controls and a 50 mm Hg V alone for the Lesser grain borer, Rhyzopertha dominica eggs and Cottonwood borer, Plectrodera scalator larvae, but EF alone proved highly effective at killing these species ins four hours, and this effect may be improved with V. Ethyl formate shows excellent potential as a methyl bromide alternative for wood-boring insects.
Species 1: Lepidoptera Pyralidae Plodiainterpunctella (Indianmeal moth) Species 2: Coleoptera Bostrichidae Rhyzoperthadominica (Lesser grain borer) Species 3: Coleoptera Cerambycidae Plectroderascalator (Cottonwood borer) Keywords: Ethyl formate, Synergism