The US Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine-North initiated surveillance for the non-native mosquito species Aedes albopictus beginning in 1989. Preventive Medicine personnel at installations located in 19 northeastern states used CDC-type black oviposition cups containing aged water and egg deposition strips. The strips were submitted to our laboratory at Fort Meade, Maryland for examination and mosquito rearing. From 1989 through 2001 Ae. albopictus mosquitoes were detected at installations in 9 states and the District of Columbia using this method. In 1999 eggs collected at a southern Pennsylvania installation were reared to adults and identified as Ochlerotatus japonicus. To date Och. japonicus has been reared from oviposition strips submitted from installations located in Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia. This surveillance method has proven to be a simple, low cost, valuable tool in documenting the spread of these non-native, container breeding mosquito species.
Species 1: Diptera Culicidae Aedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)
Species 2: Diptera Culicidae Ochlerotatus japonicus
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