Higher classification of the treehopper subfamily Centrotinae (Hemiptera: Membracidae)
The subfamily Centrotinae is the largest and only cosmopolitan subfamily within the Membracidae. All of the 212 genera have been coded for nearly 120 morphological characters. A phylogenetic analysis of generic representatives from the 24 currently recognized centrotine tribes resulted in several new tribes and synonymies. The results agree with the recent placement of Nessorhinini (New World) and Oxyrhachini (Old World) (formerly subfamilies) as tribes within the Centrotinae. Structures important in elucidating higher level relationships include the frontoclypeus, pronotum, scutellum, wing venation, leg chaetotaxy, abdominal dorsum, female ovipositor, and male style.
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